German field post in the
District of Valenciennes 1914-1918.
The sendentary post offices.
office n° 77 (Feldpoststation n° 77)
The post office n° 77 settled in
and reached the 6th Army in October 1914. It will remain there until
mid 1915. Before October 1914, this post office belonged to the 7th
Army. It returned to this Army in June 1915.
have here a diverted (but
authorized) use of the handstamp "Eigene Angelegenheit des
Empfängers" (own business of the addressee). This handstamp
used before and at the beginning of the war to show it was a private
mail. Private mail between soldiers was in postage free until the rank
of sergeant ans for postcards and letter to 60 g. This handstamp was
used to justify the postage free. It was struck by soldiers and not in
the post office. During the war, this handstamps got the same function
as a regimental handstamp. It could be use instead of the regimental
stamp to show that the sender was a miliatry or an authorized
field post office n°7
(Feldpoststation n° 7)
Bavarian field post office
n° 7 settled in VALENCIENNES on the second
half of December 1914.This post office was near from one of the 3
postal transfer points of the 6th Army. The postal transfer
points (Postumschlagsstelle) received the mail bags cars bound for the
troops located in the area of VALENCIENNES and temporarily
these bags. Each field post office sendentary or not came by truck to
withdraw the bags concerning the troops they curently deliver. This
transfer point was necessarily near a railroad or a station. The post
oofice n°7 should be located in the same facilities than the
It is very frequent to meet postcards mailled in this post office with
the handstamp of the Management of the military railroad and the date
stamp of this post office.
post office n° 12 (Feldpoststation n° 12)
office n° 12 was opened in VALENCIENNES in the end of 1914 and
closed at the beginning of 1915. It seems that this post office was in
service for the "Etappen Flugzeug Park" (Aviation Park of the
Lines-of-communication of the 6th Army).This Aviation Park was located
at the airfield of LA BRIQUETTE near VALENCIENNES.
The post offices of the
VALENCIENNES was the city where the Etappen Inspection
of the 6th Army (Etappen Inspektion 6.) was settled. This military
Administration had his own post office in VALENCIENNES and used another
post office (the bavarian military post office n° 2) which was
settled in Famars street 98 on November 13th,
This post office used 2 date stamps nammed differently:
- Feldpoststation n°2 der 6. Armee
- Feldpostanstalt der 6. Armee
In March 1916, these 2 post office received and used the same type of
date stamp "Feldpoststation 402"
then Feldpoststation n° 402:
BLAU, the assistant of the "Feldpostsekretär"
the Chief of the post office. This date stamp type is not very common,
because usually one circle date stamps didn't show the year
the date. This date stamp was modified to receive a complete date (day,
der Etappen Inspektion:
field post office n°292 (Feldpoststation n° 292, puis
Deutsche Feldpost 292)
the Etappen-Inspection of the 1st Army settled in
VALENCIENNES, the post office n°292 remplaced the post office
n°402 in Famars street, 98.
field post office n° 411 (Feldpoststation n° 411, then
Deutsche Feldpost 411)
This post office was opened in ST AMAND LES EAUX
on April 10th, 1916. It evacued this town on November 2nd 1918.
February 15th, 1917, the army
post office n° 411 was named "Deutsche Feldpost 411". As for
other post offices, its date stamps was scraped.
This card was sent by a soldier affected in the recruits depot of the
sent by a doctor from the military hospital n° 673 located in
We can notice that the date stamp has changed, but it's always a
scraped date stamp.
post office n° 419 (Feldpoststation n° 419, then
Deutsche Feldpost 419)
post office was opened in DENAIN on August 10, 1917 under the control
the 6th (Bavarian) Army. On November 5 1917. This post office moved to
the 2nd Army but remained in DENAIN.
Field post office n°45
is the post office of the Lines-of-communication Inspectorate of the
2nd army. It settled in VALENCIENNES on April 20th, 1917 and
leave the town in mid 1918..
office n° 408 (Deutsche Feldpost 408)
Feldpoststation n°408 was settled in MARQUETTE EN OSTREVENT
on june 12th, 1917 and in BOUCHAIN on
1917 where it managed the mail of the 9th Reserve Corps (2nd Army).
field post office n° 323 (Deutsche Feldpost 323):
The field post office n° 323 came in the
6th army on April 12nd, 1917
when a Lines-of-communications border change occured between the 1st
and the 6th army. This post office was at that time already in
MARQUETTE EN OSTREVANT.It remained there until May 28th and then came
to BOUCHAIN where it remained until August 30th, 1917. It
the mail of the sedentary troops of the 19th Reserve Corps.
The post offices of Army
Army Corp (Feldpostamt XI. Armeekorps):
post office of this Army Corps arrived in VALENCIENNES on
4th 1915 and left this city on October 9th to join the 7th Army.
Army Corp (Feldpostamt
post office of the 13th Wurtemberger Army Corps arrived in VALENCIENNES
on October 10th 1914 and left this city on October 15th.
The post offices of Divisions
The 3rd Guard Infantry Division:
The post office settled in VALENCIENNES
on June 6th, 1916 and remained here until July 1st, 1916.
The 5th Infantry Division:
The post office (Feldpostexpedition) of the 5th infantry Division
settled in VALENCIENNES on August 2nd, 1915 and left this city on
September 7th, 1915.
It was back in VALENCIENNES on July 4th to 9th, 1916.
The 13th Reserve Infantry
Division was sent the vincinity of Valenciennes from the 7th Army at
the end of October 1915. Its post office was settled in ANZIN on
October 31st, 1915. On December 25th, 1915, the Division left
Valenciennes to reach the 5th Army.
25th Reserve Infantry Division:
post office settled in VALENCIENNES on October 10th, 1914. It
left VALENCIENNES for COMINES(France) on October 14th 1914.
The 43rd Reserve Division:
Division was in Serbia at the beginning of 1915.It was withdrawn from
this front and tranfered by train to the western front (February 1st to
6th,1916) where it was placed in reserve in the area of the
army under the order of the Supreme High Command (Oberste Heeres
Leitung). It probably settled in the vincinity of
until March 23rd, 1916. Then it was transfered to VERDUN where it came
on March 25th.
to B. KOOP, the 56th Infantry Division arrived in the
NORD (in RACHES) in July 1916.It would not obviously have been in the
District of VALENCIENNES.However and although this Division belongs to
the 5th Army, we know by " Histories of the 251 Divisions of the German
Army " that it was sent from Eastern front to rest in the area of
VALENCIENNES (without other details) in July, 1915. We also know that
this Division was sent in the end of July in Lorraine (SARREBOURG).
The District of VALENCIENNES was then still the area of the 6th army,
but this Division was in Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Oberste
Heeres Leitung) and was not subordinated to any particular Army Corps.
Considering the transport time for an entire Division, the 56th
Infantry Division must have spent no more than 2 weeks in VALENCIENNES.
The 58th Infantry Division:
According to B.
KOOP, we know that the 58th Infantry Division stayed in
DENAIN from March 20th, to March 25, 1915.