POSTAL HISTORY  OF NORD
Small and large numeral cancels Local postage rate
1830-1878
German field post  in Valenciennes 1914-1918 Other  subjects

The local postage rate 1830-1878.

The local postage rate from 1863 to 1878: Postage paid letters

Letters circulating inside a town Letters circulating in a rural sub-district
Letters circulating between 2 post offices of the same town Letter circulating between 2 rural sub-districts

Until December 31st, 1862, the Post Office applied the same rate for a local letter in postage paid as for a letter in postage due. The majority of the letters  were thus sent in postage due.
On January 1st, 1863, the Administration set up the franking bonus which it had set up 8 years earlier for the territorial postage. The scale of weights moved too. Thus,on January 1st, a letter of less than 10 g circulating in the same Postal District could be franked with 10 c or be sent in postage due for 15 c.

Obviously, the same causes generating the same effects, the postage paid local letters became in little time more numerous.

Moreover, until September 1871, the local postage rates  were the same since 1830. With the end of the French-Prussian war and the need for the government to pay the expenditure related to the defeat, the postage rates increased.
Finally, on January 1, 1876 a new and ultimate local rate appeared. As in 1863, in fact the scale of weights changed, but not the postage rate.

The local postage ended at March 31, 1878, with the unification of the territorial and local postages on April 1, 1878.

The postage paid letters circulating inside a town.

1863: Up to 10 g letter from and to LANDRECIES..

1863: Letter until 10 g franked with 10 c from and to BOUCHAIN (rateof the 01/01/1863).

1864: Ttelegram received in the telegraph station of LILLE and put back to the post office. Telegrams which were bound for cities where  a telegraph station was settled were put back to the addressees by an express or left in the station so that the addressees come to look for them there. When the addressee was not in the city of the station, the telegram was put back to the post office or carried by one agent according to the choice of the sender. When it was brought to the post office, the telegram must be franked and registered before July, 1854 or Chargé after this date. Here, this one was franked with 30 c (10 c for local postage and 20 c for the Chargé/registration).
1871: Less than 10 g lettre from and to STEENVOORDE  franked with a 10 c Bordeaux postage stamp.
1871: Less than 10 g lettre from and to LE-CATEAU franked with 2  5 c Bordeaux postage stamps.
1871: Up to 10 g letter from and to JEUMONT.
This letter is franked with a 10 c type "Siege of Paris" postage stamp.This stamp was issued in PARIS on October 11th, 1870, but was send to the Departments only in February 1871 (after the siege of PARIS). The local postage rates changed on September 1st, 1871.

1876: Up to 15 g letter franked with15 c. The abbreviation "E.V." means "En Ville" (In town).

1877: Lettre de et pour DOUAI affranchie à 15 c. 

1876: Registered local cover from DENAIN to DENAIN. This cover was franked with 65 c (15 c for the postage and 50 c for the registration). This kind of cover are not very comon.

Letters circulating between 2 post offices of the same town.
It is only the case of the city of LILLE.

1865: Heavy letter to 20 g franked with 20 c from MOULINLILLE to LILLE. Letters circulating between 2 post offices in the same town also took advantage the local postage rate.
1871: Letters posted in district post offices to rural communities depending on the central post office of LILLE took advantage of the local postage rate. This letter was posted in the post office of the district of St MARTIN in LILLE and was bound for the hamlet
of THUMESNIL which was depending at that time on the central post office of LILLE.

1873: Letter franked with 15 c (Jan. 1st, 1871 rate) This letter was posted in the post office of the sation of LILLE.  However,  letters posted in that post office had to take the train. They couldn't be bound for LILLE. In this case, the letter was bound for the district of  FIVES (where a district post office was located). This letter was brought from the station post office to the central post office. The station post offices didn't have numeral cancels. From the central post office this letter was brought to FIVES.
1876: Letter franked with15 c (rate of the 01/01/1876) from the post office of LILLE Quartier Places St Martin to  the rural municipality of ST-ANDRE-LEZ-LILLE attached to the central office of LILLE.  From 1876, the type of the postage stamps changes. Cérès was replaced by the the Sage type.

Letters put in railway stations mobile boxes bound for  the city where is the station is located risked a delay and besides being taxed as territorial letters insufficiently franked. Since September 15th, 1855, the Administration asks to the agents of the railway post offices to put on this kind of letter the name of the station where the correspondence was got back. We often meet the mention "Boîte de....." (Box of... ).

1875: Letter franked with 15 c (rate of the 09/01/1871) from LILLE for FIVES. This letter was put in the mobile box of the station of LILLE. 
On this letter, one can read on the left in top the mention “Boite Lille”.  

Letter circulating within the Rural District of a post office.

From the post office to the rural municipality:
1865: Letter until 10 g of BOUCHAIN to NEUVILLE-SUR-ESCAUT.

1871: Letter from BERGUES towards the village of STEENE located in the same rural sub-district.
This letter was put  in the mobile mailbox of the station of BERGUES. All the letters being in this mail box must use the DUNKIRK-HAZEBROUCK line and are dealt with by the Station-conveyor of this line (Convoyeur Station in french) .
However, STEENE (village depending on BERGUES) is not on or near this line.
So the letter took the train until HAZEBROUCK where it was given to the post office of the station then to the central post office of HAZEBROUCK which cancelled the postage stamp.  This letter  was then given to the Station-Conveyor who took the HAZEBROUCK-
DUNKIRK train. Arrived in BERGUES, the letter  could finally be given to its recipient by the rural postman delivering STEENE.
This letter thus made a territorial course (betwen 2  main post offices) whereas it was local.
1872: Up to 10 g "Chargée" letter from DOUAI to SIN LE NOBLE franked with 65 c: 15 c for postage (weight less than 10 g) and 50 c for the registration ( Sept 1st, 1871 rate).
The local "Chargée"letters  are not very frequent. They were often official ones.

From the municipality to the post office:
The 3 letters which follow show that a rural mailman could make the mail delivery in the rural villages but also in the city of the post office. The General Instruction of 1856 (Art. 874) as that of 1868 authorize the rural mailmen to serve the commune of the post office.
1867: Up to 10 g letter from  COUSOLRE towards BOUSIGNIES.This letter was given to the rural mailman during his delivery (OR stamp: « Origine Rurale » ).
This letter came from COUSOLRE, but this village has a post office since 1864.
The rural mailtman should thus not have given this one during his delivery.He had to bring it back before to the post office.
Only the letters collected in a locality and intended for the following ones could be delivered directly by rural postman. The postage stamp had to be cancelled with the OR stamp carried in the mail bag of the mailman.In this precisecase, and considering the rural district of COUSOLRE (4 rural communities + the village where the post office is located), one can think that the rural mailman was also the urban mailman.
The mailman thus preferred to give this letter the very same day rather than to bring it back to the post office and to deliver it the following day.

1867: This second letter from COUSOLRE towards BOUSIGNIES, shows  that the rural mailman took care of many letters that one gave to him at the beginning of his delivery in COUSOLRE.

1865: Letter until 10 g given to the rural mailman during its round in  BERMERIES (stamp OR).
Here, also, one of the rural maimen of the post office of BAVAY was to ensure a part a local service.


1870: This lettre was put in the mail box of  SAULZOIR (letter stamp F) towards SOLESMES.
This letter weighs up to  10 g and then was franked with 20 c   ( Jan 1st, 1863 rate).
1874: Postcard given to the mailman at the time of its passage in the village of CAESTRE. The postcard is intended for the town of HAZEBROUCK. The factor thus brought back to the post office so that it is given there to its recipient.
1876: Postcard put in the mobile box of the station of PERENCHIES and bound for LILLE. The station-conveyor in the train HAZEBROUCK-LILLE took the mail that was in that box.  In 1877, the community of  PERENCHIES took part of the postal district of the main post office of LILLE. The postage rate for a postcard circulating in a postal district was 10 c.

Between two rural municipalities:

1863: Letter posted in the mail box of the village of COUSOLRE to BOUSIGNIES. The rural mailman of the post office of JEUMONT who collected this letter in the box and realized that it could deliver it in one of the villages which it was going to visit during its round. He thus cancelled  the 10 c stamp  with the letter-stamp G located in the box of COUSOLRE. However this is not regulation cancellation. Since 1856, the rural mailman were to put on the letters which they collected in a rural mailbox and which they could deliver during their round the print of the letter-stamp of box on the letter and their stamp OR on the postage stamp
1868: This letter  was franked with in 10 c in local rate and was written in CARTIGNIES and bound to GRAND-FAYT.
Yet CARTIGNIES is located in the rural district of the main post office of  AVESNES and GRAND-FAYT in the district of  MAROILLES. The local price rate could not thus apply in that case.
However, to win 10c on the postage, it seems that the sender in CARTIGNIES put his letter in the box of the bordering village of  PETIT-FAYT.This village was nevertheless a part of the rural District of MAROILLES. The mailman thus found the letter in the box of PETIT-FAYT and noticing that he could deliver it in the direction) of his tound to GRAND-FAYT, he cancelled the postage stamp with the letter-stamp C ( PETIT-FAYT). There also, this is not a regulation cancellation.
1870: Up to 10 g letter franked with 10 c from AULNOYE (letter stamp D) towards PONT-SUR- SAMBRE. These 2 villages were depending on the post office located in BERLAIMONT.

The postage paid letters circulating between 2 rural sub-districts of a Postal District.

From a main post office to a post office station:

1869: Letter put in  the mailbox of the station of VALENCIENNES and bound for TRITH-ST-LEGER. These two cities belong to the same postal District. The letters put in the mobile box of a station should not normally be intended for the city where is the station or even for the Postal District of this city. They are intended to take the train. However here, the postal agent of the station of VALENCIENNES has seen that the letter was bound for TRITH and then affixed his date stamp  on the letter which was in a dispatch for the central post office of VALENCIENNES which cancelled the stamps.
1869: Letter from FRESNES SUR ESCAUT towards VIEUX-CONDE located in the rural district of CONDE SUR l'ESCAUT. 
1865: This letter was put on the mail box of  WAMBAIX (letter stamp I) dependind on the delivery office of IWUY   towards d'AVESNES LES AUBERT depending on the full service office of CAMBRAI.


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