POSTAL HISTORY  OF NORD
Small and large numeral cancels Local postage rate
1830-1878
German Fieldpost  in Valenciennes 1914-1918 Other  subjects

The local postage rate 1830-1878.

1830-1862: Postage paid letters.


Postage paid letters circulating inside a town.
Letters circulating inside a rural district of a post office.
Letters circulating between 2 rural districts of the same postal District.

Postage paid letters circulating inside a town.
The fact that the local letters are franked did not change the rate. Indeed, until December 31st, 1862, a franked local letter cost the same price as a letter in postage due. Obviously, when the letter was franked, it was the sender who paid and when the letter was postage due, it was the addressee who paid.

1852: Postage paid letter ( P.P) from and to BERLAIMONT. In December, 1852, the franked letters must be franked with 10 c postage stamp. Was the post office of BERLAIMONT out of such stamps at this date?

1850. Letter from and to DOUAI franked with  10 c by means of a postage stamp.

Postage paid letters circulating between 2 post offices of the same town.
From May, 1859 ( Imperial decree of 10/13/1858), the municipalities of WAZEMMES, MOULINLILLE, FIVES, ESQUERMES is annexed by the city of LILLE. At this date these municipalities become districts of LILLE. The postage rate between the post offices of LILLE, WAZEMMES and MOULINLILLE became local. The city of LILLE is the only one of the Departement Nord who has district post offices.


1862: Letter from WAZEMMES to LILLE franked with 10 c.  WAZEMMES was called LILLE B in May 1859. The street of Thionville in LILLE was served by the central office. It is here about a letter circulating between an district post office  and the central office.


From the post office to a rural municipality:


1847: Postage paid letter (P.P. stamp) from ARMENTIERES to NIEPPE, 
1859: Letter from VALENCIENNES to ST SAULVE franked with 10 c.

1859: Letter of more than 7,5 g franked with 20 c from AVESNES to SEMERIES. The postmark "Après le Départ" (After the Departure) indicates that the letter was posted after the last mail collection.  This postmark is locally manufactured, because it does not correspond to the regulation model.

The heavy local letters are not very common.
1858: Letter of less than 7.5 g from FOURNES-EN-WEPPES to AUBERS. In 1858, the post office station of FOURNES dépended on the main post office of  LA BASSEE.

From the municipality to the post office:

1861: Letter given to the mailman during his round in  FELLERIES (Stamp OR) to AVESNES.
The postmark "Après le Départ " is also locally manufactured. 
1859: Letter put in mailbox of the place called “ BASSIN ROND” (letter-stamp I) for BOUCHAIN. This letter weighing more than 7,5 g was franked with 20 c.  In spite of the fact that the postage stamps were to be cancelled with the small figures cancel and not a date stamp (reserved for printed-matter), the post-office employee initially cancelled the 20 c stamp  with the small figures cancel 445 then masked it with the print of the date stamp.
The BASSIN-ROND was a widened part of canal where the barges could stop, discharge and make half-turn. An edge of the canal was served by BOUCHAIN the other by the post office of IWUY.

Between to rural municipalities:
1862: Letter given to the mailman during its round in the village of COUSOLRE.
The letter was franked and bound to the village of BOUSIGNIES where the mailman moves. In this precise case the mailman can directly deliver the letter with the postage stamp  having beforehand cancelled it with the "OR" stamp. 

The cancellation of the postage stamps being on letters collected hand to hand and being able to be given in the course of round by the mailman was prone to interrogation since the emission of the 10 c postage stamp  in September 1850. The circular n° 56 of February 27, 1851 answers this interrogation: the postage stamps must obliterated by the OR stamp  of the mailman.
The circular n°75 of December 22, 1851 takes again the terms of the circular n° 56 and specifies ink amongst other things to be used to cancel the postage stamps.

Postage paid letters circulating between two Rural Districts of the same Postal District.

Between a post office station and a main post office in the same Postal District:


1849: Postage paid letter  from HALLUIN to TOURCOING. The post office station of HALLUIN did not serve any municipality, it depends nevertheless on the main post office of TOURCOING.
In 1849, there was no yet postage 10 c stamp. If one wanted to frank a letter, it was necessary to pay the postage in cash.
On this letter, one can note an erroneous use of the C.D stamp (Correspondence of Distribution) which was to be affixed only on the letters circulating within the rural district of the post office station and not on the letters circulating between a post office station and a main post office on which it depended. It is in addition curious that this post office station was equipped with this mark, because it did not serve any rural municipality.
1853: Letter from SOMAIN to MARCHIENNES franked with  a 10 c Présidence stamp.

1860: Less than 7.5 g letter from HAUTMONT to MAUBEUGE.

Between a main post office an a rural village attached to a post office station:


1836. Postage paid letter (stamp P.P.) from AVESNES to EPPE-SAUVAGE. This village depends on the post office station of TRELON.
The sender has paid as follow
- 10 c for the local postage;
- 10 c of additional rural décime tax, because this letter circulated between 2 rural districts and were intended for a municipilaty without post office.
1862. Letter posted in AVESNES to the village of TAISNIERES-EN-THIERACHE. This village depended on the post office station of MAROILLES.
It should be noted that the 10 c stamp presents a perforation carried out by the machine of the brothers SUSSE of PARIS. It is not very current to find this kind of perforation on stamps used in Departements.


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